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Template:Infobox road/shieldmain/MYSTemplate:Infobox road/shieldmain/MYS
North–South Expressway
Maintained by PLUS Expressway Berhad
Length: 960 Template:Infobox road/length link/km (Template:Rnd {{Infobox road/length link/Template:Infobox road/length toggle/km}})
----

Exit 1888 Northern route: Template:Convert


Exit 1888 Southern route: Template:Convert

Formed: 1982
History: Completed in 1994
North end: Bukit Kayu Hitam, Kedah
Major
junctions:
----

Exit 1888 Penang Bridge


Exit 1888 New Klang Valley Expressway


Exit 1888 North–South Expressway Central Link


Exit 1888 Seremban-Port Dickson Highway


Exit 1888 Second Link Expressway

South end: Johor Bahru, Johor
Major cities: Jitra, Alor Star, Sungai Petani, Butterworth, Taiping, Kuala Kangsar, Ipoh, Gopeng, Tapah, Tanjung Malim, Rawang, Kuala Lumpur, Seremban, Alor Gajah, Melaka, Yong Peng, Ayer Hitam, Skudai, Johor Bahru
System: Template:AHN-AH
Template:Infobox road/MYS mainTemplate:Infobox road/MYS browseTemplate:Infobox road/MYS links

The North–South Expressway (NSE) (Template:Lang-ms) ((simplified Chinese: 南北高速公路)) is the longest expressway in Malaysia with the total length of Template:Convert running from Bukit Kayu Hitam in Kedah near the Malaysian-Thai border (connects with Phetkasem Road (Route 4) in Thailand) to Johor Bahru at the southern portion of Peninsular Malaysia and to Singapore. The expressway links many major cities and towns in western Peninsular Malaysia, acting as the 'backbone' of the west coast of the peninsula. It is also known as PLUS Expressway, named after the highway's concessionaire, Projek Lebuhraya Utara Selatan Berhad (North South Expressway Project; abbreviated as PLUS).

This expressway passes through 7 states on the peninsula: Johor, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Selangor, Perak, Penang and Kedah. It provides a faster alternative to the old Federal Route 'Bold text', thus reducing travelling time between various towns & cities.

OverviewEdit

It is divided into a few main routes;


Exit 1888 (northern route from Bukit Kayu Hitam to Kuala Lumpur) which also incorporates the


Exit 1888 Penang Bridge,


Exit 1888 (southern route from Kuala Lumpur to Johor Bahru). The New Klang Valley Expressway (NKVE), part of the


Exit 1888 route, starts from Bukit Raja, Klang to Jalan Duta exit in Kuala Lumpur. The North–South Expressway Central Link (ELITE)


Exit 1888, opened in 1997, is a highway built to bypass Kuala Lumpur. It starts from the Shah Alam interchange on the NKVE


Exit 1888, past Subang Jaya, Putrajaya and Kuala Lumpur International Airport, and ends at the Nilai Utara interchange on the


Exit 1888. The


Exit 1888 is the Second Link Expressway (Linkedua), which is connected to Malaysia-Singapore Second Link, starting at Senai Airport and ends in Tanjung Kupang before crossing. PLUS also obtained the Seremban-Port Dickson Highway,


Exit 1888, which starts at Mambau in Seremban with an interchange at Lukut and ending near the town centre in Port Dickson and Butterworth–Kulim Expressway,


Exit 1888 which starts from Butterworth, Penang to Kulim in Kedah.



Exit 1888 and


Exit 1888 end in Kuala Lumpur. The


Exit 1888 from the North becomes the New Klang Valley Expressway which further links into the NSE Central Link or for people travelling to Kuala Lumpur exit at the Jalan Duta Toll Plaza which links to the Sprint Expressway


Exit 1888 and the Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1 (MRR1) 'Bold text'. The


Exit 1888 from the South ends in Sungai Besi which then changes into the


Exit 1888 Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Expressway with interchanges to the Federal Highway Route 'Bold text' via Salak Expressway


Exit 1888, Sungai Besi Expressway


Exit 1888 and heads towards the city centre.

File:Hills beside Ipoh-Taiping NSE.jpg
File:NorthSouth-Expressway.jpg

HistoryEdit

The planning of the national expressway started in the mid-1970s. In 1977, the Malaysian Ministry of Works received official instructions to draw plans of an expressway from the Malaysia-Thailand border (Bukit Kayu Hitam) to the Johor Causeway. In 1980, the Malaysian Highway Authority was established to monitor all the work progress of the first national expressway.

At that time, all construction works of the expressway between 1982 to 1988 was solely administered by Malaysian Highway Authority before being transferred to Projek Lebuhraya Utara-Selatan Berhad (PLUS) in 1988. As the construction works continued, segments of the highway were opened to traffic as they were finished to help fund the construction works. PLUS continued all the construction works from 1988 until completion in 1994, 15 months earlier than scheduled. The expressway was officially opened on September 8, 1994 by Malaysian prime minister at that time, Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad.

Pioneer routesEdit

The pioneer route for


Exit 1888 North–South Expressway Northern Route was the Bukit Kayu HitamJitra section (both in Kedah), which was initially a part of the Federal Route 'Bold text', opened in 1 April 1985.

The pioneer route for


Exit 1888 North–South Expressway Southern Route was Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Expressway, opened on 16 June 1982. However, the section from Razak Mansion to Sungai Besi toll plaza was not acquired by PLUS Expressway Berhad but rather by MetaCorp – as a result, the section was not included in the southern route.

Current developmentsEdit

Six-lane widening worksEdit

Plans to upgrade the stretches from Slim River to Tanjung Malim, Tanjung Malim to Rawang (Northern route), Seremban to Senawang, and Senawang to Ayer Keroh (Southern route) was approved by the government for better traffic flow. It was completed in 2007.

Kuala Lumpur-Penang Through Traffic (Ipoh North (Jelapang) – Ipoh South)Edit

The Jelapang and Ipoh South toll plazas were demolished in 2009 to make a non-stop route across Ipoh. This is achieved through the construction of two local-express lanes for each side, which are only accessible via EXIT 138 Ipoh South Exit (for northbound traffic) and EXIT 141 Ipoh North Exit (for southbound traffic). The toll plazas in Ipoh are therefore relocated at each ends of the local-express lanes.

The decision to demolish both toll plazas was made as a result of accidents which happened at Jelapang toll plaza. Since the toll plaza was opened in 28 September 1987, there were many accident cases which involved brake failure in heavy vehicles due to hard braking when proceeding downhill to the toll plaza. On 7 June 2008, the new Ipoh North toll plaza (South bound) replacing old Jelapang toll plaza opened to traffic, followed by north bound on 15 August 2008. Beginning 11:00 am on 14 July 2009, the Kuala Lumpur-Penang through traffic is now opened to traffic. With the opening of the Template:Convert between Ipoh North (Jelapang) and Ipoh South stretch, highway users are no longer required to stop for toll transactions at the Ipoh North and Ipoh South Toll Plazas.

Fourth Lane additionsEdit

On July 2010, the operator PLUS Expressways Berhad announced that the government has awarded contracts to build a fourth lane on certain stretches of the highway, namely from Shah Alam to Jalan Duta, from Shah Alam to Rawang and from Nilai (North) to Seremban. It is unknown when the construction is expected to begin.

Highways of PLUSEdit

CodesHighways

Exit 1888 and


Exit 1888
(both Template:AHN-AH)||North–South Expressway (NSE)


Exit 1888||Butterworth–Kulim Expressway


Exit 1888 Template:AHN-AH||North–South Expressway Central Link (NSECL/ELITE)


Exit 1888||Second Link Expressway (MSSC/LINKEDUA)


Exit 1888||Seremban-Port Dickson Highway (SPDH)


Exit 1888 Template:AHN-AH||New Klang Valley Expressway (Part of NSE)

'Bold text' (Template:AHN-AH)Skudai Highway (until 1 March 2004 only) and Johor-Singapore Causeway
'Bold text'Federal Highway Route 2 (FHR2)

CarriagewaysEdit

Generally the expressway consists of 4 lanes, 2 for each direction. There are some exceptions to this; the following are stretches with 6 lanes (3 each way):

Speed limitEdit

North–South Expressway is designed as a high-speed long distance expressway therefore the default speed limit on the expressway is 110 km/h (68 mph), but there are some exceptions in some places for several reasons, including:-

  • 1 km before every toll plaza: 60 km/h (to help the traffic to slow down)
  • Bukit Kayu Hitam-Jitra stretch : 90 km/h (expressway section with at-grade junctions) (Kedah)
  • Sungai Dua-Juru : 90 km/h (due to heavy traffic at Penang Bridge) (Penang)
  • Kuala Kangsar-Jelapang stretch : 80 km/h (highland stretch with dangerous corners) (Perak)
  • Jelapang – Ipoh South stretch : 90 km/h for main carriageways; 70 km/h for toll-free local-express lanes (to control the traffic flow of the non-stop main carriageways and the toll-free local-express lanes) (Perak)
  • Gua Tempurung stretch : 90 km/h (highland stretch) (Perak)
  • Bukit Lanjan Interchange : 80 km/h (to control traffic flow of NKVE and the main link of northern route to avoid accidents) (Selangor)
  • Bukit Lanjan-Jalan Duta stretch : 90 km/h (steep uphill/downhill stretch) (Kuala Lumpur)
  • Sungai Besi-Bangi : 90 km/h (due to high traffic capacity) (Kuala Lumpur- Selangor)
  • Simpang Ampat-Ayer Keroh : 90 km/h (due to high traffic capacity/crosswind) (Malacca)

Notable incidentsEdit

File:State border sign along the North South Expressway.jpg
  • On March 27, 2008, A Singaporean family of 4 killed in accident along North–South Expressway near Tangkak, Johor, leaving behind a 2-month-old baby.
  • On December 2, 2008 at about 0315 hrs, a Singaporean biker, who was returning from a riding trip from Hat Yai, Thailand was killed after crashing his bike into an overturned lorry near Simpang Empat, Melaka.
  • On December 7, 2008, 10 passengers were killed in a bus crash at km 146.8 of the North–South Expressway between Tangkak and Pagoh, Johor.
  • On 13 April 2009, Six people were killed in double decker express bus crash at km 443 of the North–South Expressway near Rawang, Selangor.
  • 26 December 2009, Ten passengers were killed and two injured after a double-decker Express bus skidded and hit the road divider at Km 272.8 of the North–South Expressway as it was heading north, about 8 km from the Ipoh South toll plaza near Ipoh, Perak.
  • 10 October 2010, Twelve people were killed and more than 50 others injured in an highway crash involving two buses, three cars and a van at Km 223 of the North–South Expressway, near the Simpang Ampat Interchange, Melaka.

Measures taken to reduce accidentsEdit

File:Tangkak.jpg

Most heavy vehicles are only allowed to travel 80–90 km/h by law. Considering that two lanes are inadequate for smooth traffic flow, the expressway is being widened as a result of the increasing number of fatal accidents along this highway.

It has been recently decided that the two-lane 110 km/h highway will be upgraded to a three-lane 110 km/h highway. The highway widening project has been underway since 2006 as an accident-reducing measure.

Toll systemEdit

File:Nse-kl-toll.JPG
File:Toll plaza with Smart Tag and Touch & Go lanes.jpg

The North–South Expressway is a toll expressway with two toll systems:-

  • Open system – Users only have to pay at certain toll plazas within the open system range for a fixed amount. "Open system" is used in the following stretches of the North–South expressway:
  1. Batu Tiga and Sungai Rasau, (Selangor)
  2. Bukit Kayu Hitam, (Kedah)
  3. Jitra, (Kedah)
  4. Kempas, (Johor)
  5. Johor-Singapore Causeway,
  6. Lukut and Mambau, (Negri Sembilan)
  7. Tanjung Kupang, Taman Perling and Lima Kedai (Johor).
  • Closed system – Users collect toll tickets or PLUSTransit cards before entering the expressway at respective toll plazas and pay an amount of toll at the exit toll plaza plus the distance from the plaza to the Limit of Maintenance Responsibility (LMR).

PLUS Travel Incentive ProgramEdit

Effective 1 January 2009, Class 1 highway users traveling on the expressway (NSE) and North–South Expressway Central Link (ELITE) between 12:00 midnight and 7:00 am will be able to enjoy 10 percent toll discount. This is part of the PLUS’ initiatives to offer added value to its customers on both highways.

There are three toll incentive packages of the PLUS Travel Incentive Program which will be enjoyed by the customers on the PLUS and ELITE highways which are:-

Incentive One

  • Users of Class 1 vehicles using the highway between 12:00 midnight and 7:00 am will enjoy 10 percent toll discount.
  • Duration : 1 January 2009 until 31 December 2010.

Incentive Two

  • Additional 10 percent toll discount will be given to highway users (Class 1 vehicles only) traveling between 12.00 midnight to 7.00 am on selected six days during Hari Raya Aidilfitri, Chinese New Year, Deepavali and Christmas festive seasons.
  • Duration : 1 January 2009 until 31 December 2010.

Incentive Three

  • Electronic Toll Payment users spending monthly cummulative minimum amount of RM200 will enjoy 5 percent rebate (for usage on PLUS and ELITE highways only)
  • This offer is given to users who are registered with the PLUS Loyalty Program which will be launched later.
  • Duration : Beginning 1 January 2009

Toll rate classes for every PLUS Expressways NetworksEdit

ClassType of vehiclesPaymentNotes
0Motorcycles, bicycles or vehicles with 2 or less wheelsFreeExcept Tanjung Kupang toll plaza on the Malaysia-Singapore Second Link
1Vehicles with 2 axles and 3 or 4 wheels excluding taxisTemplate:RM Template:TnG Template:TAG
2Vehicles with 2 axles and 5 or 6 wheels excluding busesTemplate:RM Template:TnG Template:TAG
3Vehicles with 3 or more axlesTemplate:RM Cash only
4TaxisTemplate:RMCash only, paid by passengers only.
5BusesTemplate:RMCash only
File:North-south expressway toll receipt.jpg
File:Toll ticket.jpg

Toll AbbreviationEdit

For toll rates, see also Toll rates of the North–South Expressway
AbbreviationExitsName of Interchanges
AHT EXIT 244 AYER HITAM
AKH EXIT 231 AYER KEROH
ASS EXIT 177 ALOR SETAR SELATAN
ASU EXIT 178 ALOR SETAR UTARA
BBR EXIT 153 BANDAR BAHARU
BDR EXIT 130 BIDOR
BGS EXIT 212 BANGI
BKB EXIT 118 BUKIT BERUNTUNG
BKH EXIT 185 BUKIT KAYU HITAM
BKM EXIT 150 BUKIT MERAH
BKR EXIT 101 BUKIT RAJA
BRG EXIT 124 BEHRANG
BRT EXIT 166 BERTAM
BSP EXIT 606 BANDAR SAUJANA PUTRA
BTS EXIT 158 BUKIT TAMBUN SELATAN
BTU EXIT 158 BUKIT TAMBUN UTARA
BTT BATU TIGA
BTR EXIT 119 BUKIT TAGAR
CKJ EXIT 146 CHANGKAT JERING
DMR EXIT 106 DAMANSARA
EBN EXIT 602 EBOR UTARA
EBS EXIT 602 EBOR SELATAN
GPG EXIT 135 GOPENG
GRN EXIT 173 GURUN
HKG HUTAN KAMPUNG
HSB EXIT 114 HOSPITAL SUNGAI BULOH
IPU EXIT 141 IPOH UTARA
(JELAPANG)
IPS EXIT 139 IPOH SELATAN
JBC JOHOR BAHRU CAUSEWAY
JLD EXIT 111 JALAN DUTA
JRU EXIT 160 JURU
JSN EXIT 233 JASIN
JTR EXIT 182 JITRA
JWI EXIT 156 JAWI
KDR EXIT 107 KOTA DAMANSARA
KJG EXIT 210 KAJANG
KKS EXIT 143 KUALA KANGSAR
KLA EXIT 608 KLIA AIRPORT
KLI EXIT 252 KULAIJAYA
KPS EXIT 255 KEMPAS
LBB EXIT 120 LEMBAH BERINGIN
LKT EXIT 2903A/B LUKUT
MAC EXIT 245 MACHAP
MBU EXIT 2901 MAMBAU
NLI EXIT 215 NILAI
PBSB EXIT 161 PENANG BRIDGE
PDG EXIT 175 PENDANG
PDN EXIT 219A PORT DICKSON UTARA
PDS EXIT 219B PORT DICKSON SELATAN
PGH EXIT 238 PAGOH
PLI EXIT 223 PEDAS/LINGGI
PPM EXIT 213 PUTRA MAHKOTA
PSR EXIT 126 SLIM RIVER
PTH EXIT 605 PUTRA HEIGHTS
PTJ EXIT 607 PUTRAJAYA
RAW EXIT 116 RAWANG
RWS EXIT 115 RAWANG SELATAN
SAT EXIT 227 SIMPANG AMPAT
SBG EXIT 104 SUBANG
SBI SUNGAI BESI
SBN EXIT 218 SEREMBAN
SDK EXIT 250 SEDENAK
SEA EXIT 603 SEAFIELD
SGB EXIT 113 SUNGAI BULOH
SGD EXIT 165 SUNGAI DUA
SGR SUNGAI RASAU
SHA EXIT 103/601 SHAH ALAM
SKD EXIT 254 SKUDAI
SKI EXIT 128 SUNGKAI
SNU EXIT 253 SENAI UTARA
SPP EXIT 137 SIMPANG PULAI
SPR EXIT 247 SIMPANG RENGGAM
SPS EXIT 168 SUNGAI PETANI SELATAN
SPU EXIT 170 SUNGAI PETANI UTARA
STA EXIT 244 SETIA ALAM
SWG EXIT 220 SENAWANG
TGK EXIT 235 TANGKAK
TGM EXIT 121 TANJUNG MALIM
TPH EXIT 132 TAPAH
TPU EXIT 148 TAIPING UTARA
TBN EXIT 138 TAMBUN
TLK TOL LIMA KEDAI
TTK TOL TANJUNG KUPANG
TTP TOL TAMAN PERLING
UPM EXIT 209 UPM
(UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA)
USJ EXIT 604 USJ
(ULU SUBANG JAYA)
YPS EXIT 242 YONG PENG SELATAN
YPU EXIT 241 YONG PENG UTARA
For more information see also Toll rates of the North–south Expressway

Facilities along the expresswayEdit

  • Rest and service areas located about 60 km from each other
  • Layby parking areas are located approximately every two junctions
  • Emergency phones every 2 km
  • PLUSLINE hotline number
  • PLUS Ronda (PLUS patrol) service to assist drivers in the event of vehicle problems on the expressway
  • PLUS helicopter patrol unit to monitored along PLUS expressways

RecordsEdit

File:Menora Tunnel.jpg

Exit 1888 is the first fully air-conditioned rest area in Malaysia, after it was renovated during mid-2008.


Exit 1888 in Perak is the first rest and service area in the Malaysian expressway to have an eco-management theme known as "The Green Trail" or "Jejak Hijau".

  • PLUSMiles is the first and only toll rebate loyalty programme in the Malaysian expressways.
  • The longest closed toll collection system coverage in Malaysia is from Juru toll plaza to Skudai toll plaza (previously Ipoh South toll plaza to Skudai toll plaza), which runs through the North–south Expressway Northern Route

Exit 1888, New Klang Valley Expressway


Exit 1888, North–south Expressway Central Link


Exit 1888 and North–south Expressway Southern Route


Exit 1888.


Exit 1888 is the first and currently the only expressway in Malaysia to have a runaway truck ramp near Jelapang, Ipoh.

List of interchanges Edit

See also

Exit 1888 Template:AHN-AH North–South Expressway Northern Route


Exit 1888 Template:AHN-AH North–South Expressway Southern Route


Exit 1888 Template:AHN-AH New Klang Valley Expressway


Exit 1888 Template:AHN-AH North–South Expressway Central Link


Exit 1888 Template:AHN-AH Second Link Expressway


Exit 1888 Seremban-Port Dickson Highway


Exit 1888 Butterworth-Kulim Expressway

See alsoEdit

Notes Edit

Template:Reflist

External linksEdit

Template:Malaysian Expressway System Template:PLUS Expresswaysde:North-South Expressway ms:Lebuhraya Utara-Selatan

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