FANDOM


Template:Refimprove

Template:Infobox road/MYS E shield
Template:Infobox road/MYS E name
Penang Bridge
Maintained by PLUS Malaysia Berhad with its subsidiary Projek Lebuhraya Usahasama Berhad
Length: 13.5 Template:Infobox road/length link/km (Template:Rnd {{Infobox road/length link/Template:Infobox road/length toggle/km}})
Formed: 1970's
History: Opened 14 September 1985
East end: Perai Interchange
Major
junctions:
----

Exit 1888 North–South Expressway Northern Route
'Bold text' Jalan Perusahan Perai
'Bold text' Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu Expressway
'Bold text' Gelugor Highway

West end: Gelugor Interchange
Template:Infobox road/MYS mainTemplate:Infobox road/MYS browseTemplate:Infobox road/MYS links

Template:Infobox bridge

The Penang Bridge (Malay: Jambatan Pulau Pinang)


Exit 1888 is a dual carriageway toll bridge connects George Town on the island of Penang and Seberang Prai on the mainland of Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula. The bridge is also linked to the North-South Expressway in Prai and Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu Expressway in Penang. It was officially opened to traffic on 14 September 1985. The total length of the bridge is Template:Convert, making it the second longest bridge in Malaysia as and the fifth-longest in Southeast Asia. The bridge was designed by Penang resident, Professor Chin Fung Kee, a well known civil engineer. Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd (PBSB) is the concession holder which manages it but now it is a member company of PLUS Malaysia Berhad (PLUS) with its subsidiary Projek Lebuhraya Usahasama Berhad.

Before 1985, transportation between the island and the mainland was solely dependent on the state-owned Penang Ferry Service that runs between Butterworth and George Town. Toll fees is only paid when heading to the island. There is no charge for leaving the island.

Currently, Penang Bridge handles 65,000 vehicles daily and has a capacity of handling 85,000 vehicles daily. It has been expanded from 4 lanes to 6 lanes to accommodate increasing traffic on the bridge. A proposal for second bridge, the Penang Second Bridge, has been approved by the Malaysian federal government and included as one of the Ninth Malaysia Plan national projects. Construction work of the new Penang Second Bridge began in November 2008, and the target completion date is year 2013.

Recently, Penang Bridge was assigned with the route number


Exit 1888.

Route background Edit

The Kilometre Zero of the expressway starts at Perai Interchange of the Tun Hussein Onn Highway.

History Edit

ChronologyEdit

Date Event
Early 1970s The idea to build a bridge linking Seberang Perai to Penang Island was suggested by the 2nd Prime Minister of Malaysia's Tun Abdul Razak and the 2nd Chief Minister of Penang's Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu.
Late 1970s Penang Bridge was planned during the term of 3rd Prime Minister of Malaysia's Tun Hussein Onn.
23 July 1981 Works Minister of Malaysia's Dato Seri Samy Vellu announced that Penang Bridge, Penang would be constructed using the cable-stayed concrete girder of the San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge instead of the steel-tied arch in the style of the Sydney Harbour Bridge.
1982 Construction of Penang Bridge officially began.
3 August 1985 Official opening of Penang Bridge by the 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia's Tun Dr Mahathir Bin Mohamad.
14 September 1985 Penang Bridge is officially opened to traffic.

Current developments Edit

Penang Bridge Widening ProjectEdit

When the bridge was originally constructed, the central span had six lanes, while the rest of the bridge had four lanes. There was an ongoing project to have the entire bridge widened to six lanes. Work on the project began on January 2008 and was completed in late 2009.

Penang Bridge Widening Project on YouTube

Bridge specifications[1] Edit

File:Penang Bridge.jpg
File:Penang Bridge main span taxi.jpg
  • Overall Length: Template:Convert
  • Length Over Water: Template:Convert
  • Penang Island Viaduct & Approach: Template:Convert
  • Prai Approach: Template:Convert
  • Carriageway: 3 lanes per carriageway
  • Height of Tower Above Water: 101.5 m
  • Height of Bridge Above Water: 33 m
  • Main Span: 225 m
  • End Span: 107.5 m
  • Other Span: 40 m
  • Speed limit: 80 km/h
  • Maximum Gradient: 3.0%

Features Edit

The bridge has an SOS emergency feature and traffic CCTV. The Gelugor Complex Interchange is the largest highway interchange in Malaysia. The bridge has a Tenaga Nasional TNB's 132kV power cable.

Tolls Edit

OverviewEdit

Since 1985, Penang Bridge has been a tolled bridge. Fees are charged one way, when entering the bridge from the mainland and traveling towards Penang Island. There are no fees imposed for mainland-bound motorists coming from the island. Since 1994, the tolls have been collected by a private concession company, Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd (PBSB), which has become a member company of PLUS Malaysia Berhad with its subsidiary Projek Lebuhraya Usahasama Berhad.

Toll ratesEdit

ClassType of vehiclesCash (Rate in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))Touch 'n Go 20% discount (Rate in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))
1 Motorcycles RM 1.40 RM 1.12
2Motorcycles with sidecars, cars including station wagons and commercial vehicles on three wheels RM 7.00 RM 5.60
3Lorries and vans with two axles and four wheelsRM 12.00 RM 9.60
Buses with two axles and four wheelsRM 6.00 RM --.--
4Lorries, vans and buses with two axles and five or six wheelsRM 25.00 RM 20.00
Buses with two axles and five or six wheelsRM 12.50 RM --.--
5Vehicles with three axlesRM 45.00 RM 36.00
Buses with three axlesRM 22.50 RM --.--
6 Vehicles with four axles RM 60.00 RM 48.00
7 Vehicles with five and more axles RM 75.00 RM 60.00
Note: Touch 'n Go is also available for light vehicles and motorcycles. The Smart TAG lane is for light vehicles only. In order to increase the use of the more efficient electronic payment system, any user with a Touch 'n Go card (and Smart TAG) issued from the Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd office will receive a 20% discount on the Penang Bridge toll.

Template:-

List of Interchanges Edit

This is a list of interchanges of Penang Bridge.

Tun Hussein Onn Highway sideEdit

km ExitInterchangeToRemarks

Exit 1888 Template:AHN-AH NORTH-SOUTH EXPRESSWAY NORTHERN ROUTE
NORTH
Alor Setar
Permatang Pauh
Seberang Jaya||

Template:MES-E(2) Template:AHN-AH NORTH-SOUTH EXPRESSWAY NORTHERN ROUTE

Template:MES-E(2) Template:AHN-AH PENANG BRIDGE
(TUN HUSSEIN ONN HIGHWAY)


Exit 1888
0 || ||PERAI INTERCHANGE||NORTHWEST


Exit 1888 'Bold text' BUTTERWORTH OUTER RING ROAD
'Bold text' Perai
'Bold text' Butterworth

SOUTHEAST
'Bold text' BUTTERWORTH-KULIM HIGHWAY
'Bold text' Bukit Mertajam||Parcelo cloverleaf interchange

Railway crossing bridge
EXIT 3601A
EXIT 3601B
PENANG BRIDGE INTERCHANGEEXIT 3601A

Exit 1888 Template:AHN-AH NORTH-SOUTH EXPRESSWAY NORTHERN ROUTE
SOUTH
Kuala Lumpur
Ipoh
Bukit Tambun


EXIT 3601B
'Bold text' JALAN PERUSAHAAN PERAI

NORTHWEST
Perai Industrial Area

SOUTHEAST
Juru||EXIT 3601A
Stacked expressway interchange

EXIT 3601B
Cloverleaf interchange

Template:MES-E(2) Template:AHN-AH PENANG BRIDGE
(TUN HUSSEIN ONN HIGHWAY)

Template:MES-E(2) PENANG BRIDGE

U-TurnU-TURN

Exit 1888 TUN HUSSEIN ONN HIGHWAY
Perai
Butterworth

Template:Parking signs Template:TnG TAG||

Perai toll plaza
(Motorcycle lanes)
Template:Toll plaza sign PERAI TOLL PLAZA
(MOTORCYCLE LANES)
(Enter bridge only)
Template:RM Template:TnG
West bound
Toll plaza for motorcycles
Motorcycles only
Perai toll plaza (PLAZA A)
(Enter bridge only)
PBSB
Template:TAG Template:TnG Template:TnG POS Template:RM
Opened toll system
Pay toll
Light and heavy vehicles only

Perai toll plaza (PLAZA B)
(Enter bridge only)
PBSB
Template:TAG Template:TnG Template:TnG POS Template:RM
Opened toll system
Pay toll
Light and heavy vehicles only

Template:Parking Layby signs Perai toll plaza
PBSB
Template:Parking signs Template:TnG TAGEnter bridge only
U-TurnU-TURN

Exit 1888 PENANG BRIDGE
George Town
Bayan Lepas

Template:Parking signs Template:TnG TAG||

Bridge sideEdit

km ExitInterchangeToRemarks
Penang Bridge
Length Over Water: 8.4 kilometres
Start/End of Bridge
Six lane carriageway

Exit 1888
2 || ||Penang Bridge || ||Eastern approach span

2.3 Penang Bridge Eastern approach span
Seberang Perai Tengah-Timur Laut district border


Exit 1888
4 || ||Penang Bridge || ||Eastern approach span

4.5 Penang Bridge Eastern approach span

Exit 1888
5 || ||Penang Bridge || ||Eastern approach span

5.1 - 5.9 Penang Bridge Main navigational span
Cable stayed bridge

Exit 1888
6 || ||Penang Bridge || ||Western approach span

6.5 Penang Bridge Western approach span

Exit 1888
7 || ||Penang Bridge || ||Western approach span

Penang Bridge
Length Over Water: 8.4 kilometres
Start/End of Bridge
Six lane carriageway
EXIT 3602A
EXIT 3602B
EXIT 3602C
GELUGOR-PENANG BRIDGE INTERCHANGEEXIT 3602B WEST
'Bold text' GELUGOR HIGHWAY
Template:LLM office
Jelutong
Gelugor
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)

'Bold text' TUN DR LIM CHONG EU EXPRESSWAY
(BAYAN LEPAS EXPRESSWAY)
EXIT 3602C NORTH
George Town / Weld Quay
Air Itam
Batu Feringgi
Penang Hospital Template:Hospital sign

EXIT 3602A SOUTH
Batu Maung
Bayan Lepas Industrial Area
Penang International Airport Template:Airport signs
Jerejak Island (Jetty)
Stacked expressway interchange

EXIT 3602B Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) interchange sideEdit

km ExitInterchangeToRemarks
Template:LLM officeTemplate:LLM office
EXIT 3602B
WEST
UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA INTERCHANGE'Bold text' GELUGOR HIGHWAY
NORTH
George Town City Centre
Jelutong
Gelugor
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
Penang Hospital Template:Hospital sign

SOUTH
Balik Pulau
Bayan Lepas
Penang International Airport Template:Airport signs
Trumpet interchange

EXIT 3602C Jalan Tunku Kudin interchange sideEdit

km ExitInterchangeToRemarks
Tesco PenangTemplate:Parking signs
EXIT 3602C
NORTH
JALAN TUNKU KUDIN INTERCHANGEWEST
Template:JKR(P) PENANG MIDDLE RING ROAD
JALAN TENGKU KUDIN
Gelugor
Batu Feringgi
Tanjung Bungah
Air Itam
Penang Hospital Template:Hospital sign
Interchange from/to Penang Bridge and Bayan Lepas only
Template:MES-E(2) PENANG BRIDGE
('
Bold text' TUN DR LIM CHONG EU EXPRESSWAY)
(BAYAN LEPAS EXPRESSWAY)
PBSB border limit

'Bold text' TUN DR LIM CHONG EU EXPRESSWAY
(JELUTONG EXPRESSWAY)
JKR and MPPP border limit

NORTH
'Bold text' TUN DR LIM CHONG EU EXPRESSWAY
(JELUTONG EXPRESSWAY)
George Town / Weld Quay
Komtar
Ferry
Sungai Pinang

Interesting factsEdit

File:20111022 Sunrise - Penang Bridge.jpg
  • Penang Bridge toll plaza (Prai) is the first toll plaza in Malaysia to introduce toll payment by Contactless Smart Card.
  • Penang Bridge toll plaza (Prai) is the first toll plaza in Malaysia with smart card payment for all classes of vehicles.
  • After construction works of Penang Bridge were completed in 1985, Penang Island became the first island in Malaysia to be connected to the mainland through land transport.

Commemorative EventsEdit

The Penang Bridge Commemorative Postage StampsEdit

The Commemorative Postage Stamps to mark the opening of the Penang Bridge on 1985 was issued by then the Malaysian Postal Services Department (now Pos Malaysia) on 15 September 1985.[1] The denominations for these stamps were 20 cents, 40 cents, and RM 1.00.

Major eventsEdit

Allianz Penang Bridge International MarathonEdit

File:Penang bridge.JPG

The Allianz Penang Bridge International Marathon has been held every year since 1985.

Participants run over the longest bridge in Malaysia, Penang Bridge, and along a scenic coastal highway. This is the only time of the year when the bridge is closed for several hours. The biggest run in the country incorporates a marathon, a half-marathon and a quarter-marathon. The run has been jointly organised by the Penang Municipal Council (Majlis Perbandaran Pulau Pinang) and Malaysian Highway Authority.

For more information, see the Allianz Penang Bridge International Marathon website.

See alsoEdit

References Edit

Template:Reflist

External linksEdit

Template:Cable-stayed bridges in Southeast Asia Template:Malaysian Expressway System Template:Northern Corridor Economic Region

Template:Coord


Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.